Step 1 : Introduction to the question "What does England call its police officers?"
...The concept of modern policing has its roots in pre-Victorian England, when the British home minister, Sir Robert Peel, oversaw the creation of London’s first organized police force. Peel’s patrolmen wore black jackets and tall wool hats with badges. They went out armed only with a short club and a whistle for summoning backup. Robert Peel’s system was a success, and by the mid-19th century large American cities had created similar police forces. In London, the policemen were so identified with the politician who created them that they were referred to as “Bobbies,” after the popular nickname for Robert.
Step 2 : Answer to the question "What does England call its police officers?"
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